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Simple Steps to Add a Password to Notepad Text Files in Windows

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Windows File Encryption stands as a streamlined method for securing data within Windows, exclusively available in the Professional, Enterprise, or Educational versions. This encryption technique restricts access to encrypted files or folders solely to users who either encrypted the files or possess the encryption keys. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of Windows File Encryption, with a specific focus on locking Notepad text files. Additionally, alternative methods, including user permission restrictions and third-party apps, will be explored for a comprehensive understanding.

How Does Windows File Encryption Work?

Windows File Encryption, also known as EFS (Encrypting File System), is a simplified encryption method designed for users operating Windows Professional, Enterprise, or Educational editions. Exclusive to drives formatted with the NTFS file system, this encryption method ensures that only users with encryption keys or those who encrypted the files can access the protected data. Unauthorized users on other accounts sharing the same PC are unable to access the encrypted files without the corresponding encryption keys.

Locking Notepad Text Files Using Windows File Encryption:

  1. Create or Move Notepad Text File:
    • Open Notepad and type or paste the text you want to secure.
    • Save the file and ensure it’s located on a drive formatted with the NTFS file system.
  2. Enable Windows File Encryption:
    • Right-click the file or its containing folder and open Properties.
    • In the General tab, click Advanced.
    • Enable the “Encrypt contents to secure data” option and save the settings.
    • Save and share the encryption key to grant access to other users.

Restricting User Permission to Lock Notepad Text Files:

  1. Prevent Access via User Permission:
    • Navigate to the Notepad text file using File Explorer.
    • Right-click the file, open Properties, and head to the Security tab.
    • Click Edit, select a user, and deny all permissions.
    • Apply the changes to restrict user access.

Using Third-Party Apps to Lock Notepad Text Files:

While Windows provides built-in methods, third-party apps offer additional flexibility and efficiency for password protecting Notepad text files. Numerous applications are available, ensuring a reliable and straightforward process.


Windows File Encryption serves as a valuable tool for securing sensitive data, and understanding how to implement it for Notepad text files adds an extra layer of protection. Additionally, exploring user permission restrictions and third-party apps offers users alternative avenues to safeguard their information.

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Are Bitlocker and Windows File Encryption the Same?

Bitlocker and Windows File Encryption differ in scope and application. Bitlocker operates on entire drives, whereas Windows File Encryption applies specifically to files and folders. Bitlocker utilizes TPM (Trusted Platform Module), while Windows File Encryption relies on Ciphertext. Moreover, Windows File Encryption is user-specific, while Bitlocker operates systemwide.

How to Hide and Unhide Files and Folders?

To conceal or reveal files and folders in Windows, various methods can be employed. File Explorer, Command Prompt, or PowerShell allow users to toggle the visibility of files and folders. In File Explorer, right-clicking on the file or folder, accessing Properties, and checking or unchecking the Hidden box facilitates the process.


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